Program Requirements

The economics major may be combined with interdisciplinary concentrations such as Global and International Studies, and Social Policy. Students may moderate, simultaneously or separately, in the concentration.

Moderation Requirements

Three economics courses are required for Moderation, including Principles of Economics (Econ 100) and two 200-level courses, only one of which may be a theory or statistical methods course. The Moderation board meeting is typically held in the second semester of a student’s sophomore year. The Moderation board should comprise three faculty members, at least two of whom should be from the Economics Program. If a student intends to pursue an interdisciplinary concentration or a joint major, a faculty member from that concentration or program should be asked to serve on the Moderation board. At Moderation, students identify an area of focus and discuss their preliminary ideas for the required Senior Project.

Graduate Requirements

It is recommended that students take several 200-level applied courses during the sophomore and junior years. Core courses should not be taken pass/fail, and course substitutions require permission of the student’s adviser. Graduation requirements include:

  1. the core theory sequence 
  2. a course in statistical methods 
  3. a course in economic history 
  4. a course in economic thought 
  5. four electives at the 200 level or above in economics, two of which must be at the 300 level and two of which must be applied electives
  6. Senior Project (Econ 401–402)

The Senior Project

The Senior Project and the economic history and economic thought requirements are distinctive features of Bard’s economics curriculum. The economic thought course introduces students to the analytical history of ideas about how economies work and ought to work. Economic history is the history of actual economies—their growth and decline, their diverse systems for allocating goods and resources, their success (or failure) in meeting economic goals. Both areas are important for understanding the purpose and value of economics as a discipline, and help us to improve the coherence, relevance, and performance of our models and methods.

Mathematics Requirements and Recommendations

Precalculus Mathematics (Math 110) or the equivalent is a prerequisite for Economics 100 and Calculus I (Math 141) or the equivalent is a prerequisite for Economics 201 (Calculus II: Math 142 is recommended). Students should follow the mathematics placement guidelines and take recommended math review workshops if needed before enrolling in the core courses.

Economics majors are encouraged to complete the calculus sequence. Students preparing for graduate school should see below for further recommendations.